February 12

S3 Storage In Kubernetes

In Part VII: Cluster Backup, I set up Minio running on my laptop to provide S3 storage that Velero can use to backup the cluster. In this piece, Minio will be setup “in cluster”, using Longhorn. There are a few links discussion how to do this. I didn’t try this method, but did give this a go (with a bunch of modifications), and am documenting it here.

For starters, I’m using the Helm chart for Minio from Bitnami:

helm repo add bitnami https://charts.bitnami.com/bitnami
helm repo update

We’ll grab the configuration settings so that they can be modified:

mkdir -p ~/workspace/picluster/minio-k8s
cd ~/workspace/picluster/minio-k8s
helm show values bitnami/minio > minio.yaml

Create a secret to be used to access Minio:

kubectl create secret generic minio-root-user --namespace minio --from-literal=root-password="DESIRED-PASSWORD" --from-literal=root-user="minime"

In minio.yaml, set auth existingSecret to “minio-root-user” so that the secret will be used for authentication, set defaultBucket to “kubernetes”, and set service type to “NodePort”. The Minio deployment can be created:

helm install minio bitnami/minio --namespace minio --values minio.yaml

The Minio console can be accessed by using a browser, a node’s IP and the NodePort port:

kubectl get svc -n minio
NAME    TYPE       CLUSTER-IP     EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)                         AGE
minio   NodePort   <none>        9000:32602/TCP,9001:31241/TCP   78m

In this case, using a one of the node’s ( Use the username and password you defined above, when creating the secret.

Now, we can install Velero, using the default bucket we had created (one could create another bucket from the Minio UI), credentials file, and cluster IP for the Minio service:

cat minio-credentials
aws_access_key_id = minime
aws_secret_access_key = DESIRED-PASSWORD

velero install \
     --provider aws \
     --plugins velero/velero-plugin-for-aws:v1.8.2 \
     --bucket kubernetes \
     --secret-file minio-credentials \
     --use-volume-snapshots=false \
     --backup-location-config region=minio,s3ForcePathStyle="true",s3Url=

The backup location can be checked (and should be available):

velero backup-location get
default   aws        kubernetes      Available   2024-02-12 20:43:23 -0500 EST   ReadWrite     true

Finally, you can test the backup and restore of a single deployment (using the example from Part VII, where we pulled the velero repo, which has an example NGINX app):

kubectl create namespace nginx-example
kubectl create deployment nginx --image=nginx -n nginx-example

velero backup create nginx-backup --selector app=nginx
velero backup describe nginx-backup
velero backup logs nginx-backup

kubectl delete namespace nginx-example

velero restore create --from-backup nginx-backup
velero restore describe nginx-backup-20240212194128

kubectl delete namespace nginx-example
velero backup delete nginx-backup
velero restore delete nginx-backup

There is a Minio client, although it seems to be designed for use with a cloud based back-end or local installation. It has predefined aliases for Minio, and is designed to run and terminate on each command. Unfortunately, we need to set a new alias, so that it can be used with later commands. We can hack a way into use it.

First, we need to know the Cluster IP address of the Minio service, so that it can be used later:

kubectl get svc -n minio
NAME    TYPE       CLUSTER-IP     EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)                         AGE
minio   NodePort   <none>        9000:32602/TCP,9001:31241/TCP   78m

We get the user/password, and then run the client so that an alias (using cluster IP, in this case) can be created and commands invoked.

export ROOT_USER=$(kubectl get secret --namespace minio minio-root-user -o jsonpath="{.data.root-user}" | base64 -d)
export ROOT_PASSWORD=$(kubectl get secret --namespace minio minio-root-user -o jsonpath="{.data.root-password}" | base64 -d)

kubectl run --namespace minio minio-client \
     --tty -i --rm --restart='Never' \
     --env MINIO_SERVER_HOST=minio \
     --image docker.io/bitnami/minio-client:2024.2.9-debian-11-r0 -- \
mc admin info myminio

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Posted February 12, 2024 by pcm in category "bare-metal", "Kubernetes", "Raspberry PI